The Five Solas summarize the biblical teaching on salvation; That God makes us alive and is completely for us. By God's grace alone, on the basis of Christ alone, received through faith alone, to the glory of God alone, with Scripture alone as the only, final, decisive, authority of truth.
| By Grace Alone |
Sola Gratia is simply acknowledging that the Bible teaches that the totality of our salvation is a gift of grace from God. As it says in Ephesians 2:8-9, "For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith - and this is not from yourselves, it is the gift of God - not by works, so that no one can boast".
| In Christ Alone |
Jesus Christ. None other than the Son of God came to earth. Born of a virgin; fully God and fully man; like us in every way but without sin; sympathetic to our weakness but never succumbing to them. Someone who does not only defeat his enemies, but saves them from themselves. Someone who secures our inheritance in his own strength and restores our relationship with the One who we have wronged (John 14:6). Salvation can be achieved through no one else than Christ Jesus our Lord (Acts 4:12).
| Glory to God Alone |
The Glory to God is a way to say that there is an objective, absolute reality to which all human wonder, awe, veneration, praise, honor, acclaim, and worship is pointing. We were made to find our deepest pleasure in admiring the infinitely admirable - the Glory of God. This glory is not the psychological projection of unsatisfied human longing onto reality. On the contrary, inconsolable human longing is evidence that we were made for God's glory. The glory of God is the goal of all things (1 Cor 10:31, Isa. 43:6-7).
| By Faith Alone |
Sola Fide is the doctrine of justification by faith alone apart from works. It is simply recognizing what is taught over and over again, in Scripture. That at some point in time, God declares ungodly sinners righteous by imputing Christ's righteousness to them (Romans 4:5, 5:8, 5:19). This happens apart from any works and before the individual actually begins to become righteous. This affirms the biblical teaching that righteous works are the result and evidence of a born-again person who has been justified by God and regenerated by the power of the Holy Spirit
| Scripture Alone |
The Bible is the only authoritative inspired Word of God. All 66 books are without error and given to us as God's revelation to mankind. Sola Scriptura simply means that all truth necessary for our salvation and spiritual life is taught either explicitly or implicitly in Scripture. Scripture is therefore the perfect and only standard of spiritual truth, revealing infallible all that we much believe in order to be saved and all that we must do in order to glorify God. That - no more, no less - is what Sola Scripture means.